SSUS - PERJUANGAN YANG BERTERUSAN

SSUS - PERJUANGAN YANG BERTERUSAN
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Sunday, January 18, 2009

Contemplate In Silence

THE (first part – opening part of the) SERMON OF
THE LAST MESSENGER OF ALLAH (PBUH&HF)
ON THE DAY OF GHADIR KHUM (on the journey back from his (pbuh&hf) last haj - while stopping at Ghadir Khum)

Lets contemplate his (pbuh&hf) words as against the supposed hegemonic power that causes so much sufferings and death in the lands that once saw the birth of Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) and Muhammad (peace be upon them all).

O citizens of Islam and of Palestine, lets mention the praise of Allah.
====================

Part 1
Praising Allah and
regarding Him pure
******************

Praise belongs to Allah Who
is exalted above (all the
creation) in His Oneness,1

and is near (to His creation)
in His aloneness.2

Sublime is His authority,
and great are the pillars3 of
His (names).

His knowledge encompasses
everything while He is lofty
in status.1

He subdues all the creation
through His power and
evidence.

He has always been praiseworthy
and shall always be
praised.

He is the glorified Whose
glory has no end.

He begins and repeats (the creation),2

and to Him all affairs are
returned.■1

He is the maker of what has
been elevated (i.e., heavens),

the expander of what has
been spread out (i.e., the
earth),

and the dominator of the
planets and the heavens.

He is holy and exalted above
all purifications, the Lord of
the angels and the spirit.

He grants to all that He
created.

He prolongs His grace to all
that He originated.

He sees all eyes, and eyes do
not see Him.

He is generous, forbearing,
and patient.

He made His mercy encompass
everything,2

and He favored them by His
grace.

He does not hasten His
revenge,

nor does He take the
initiative on what (He
knows) they deserve of His
punishment.

He comprehends the secrets,
and knows what the hearts
conceal.

Hidden things are not
concealed from Him,

nor do they make Him
doubtful.

He encompasses (in knowledge)
and dominates
everything,

and has strength and power
over everything.

Nothing is like Him1, and He
is the establisher of “the
thing” when it was nothing.

He is everlasting [and free of
need]♦, who acts justly;

there is no god but He, the
mighty, the wise.1

He is exalted beyond being
grasped by visions, while He
grasps all visions, and He is
subtle, well aware (of all
things).2

None can reach His description
by seeing Him, nor can
anyone find out how He is,
secretly or openly, and (He is
not known) except by what
Allah, the mighty and the
majestic, has made as the
signs of Himself.3

I testify that He is Allah,
Whose holiness overspreads
all ages,

Whose light overwhelms
perpetuity1,

Who enforces His command
without consulting an
advisor.

There is no partner with Him
in (His) planning, nor is there
any discrepancy in (His)
management.

He shaped whatever He
originated without
a preexisting model,

and created whatever He
created without getting
assistance from anyone,
burdening Himself, or having
any need to find out a
solution.

He originated it (in His will),
thus it came into being, and
He formed it (in His
intention), thus it became
distinct.1

So, He is Allah, the One that
there is no god but He,

Who is proficient in skill,
and beautiful in action.

He is the just Who never
oppresses, and the most
generous to Whom all affairs
are referred.2

I further testify that He is
[Allah]■ that before His
magnificence everything is
lowly, before His might
everything is humble,

before His power everything
surrenders, and before His
awe everything yields.

He is the king of all domains,
the turner of the heavenly
bodies in their orbits,

the dominator of the sun and
the moon, each of which
pursues its course to an
appointed time.

He makes night overtake
day, and day overtake night,
(each one) seeking the other
rapidly1.

He is the destroyer of every
stubborn tyrant, and the
annihilator of every rebellious
Satan.

Neither has there been any
opposing power beside Him,
nor any peer.

He is Unique and impenetrable.
1 He never begets nor is
He begotten, and none can
ever be a match for Him.2

He is the only God, the
glorious Lord, Who wills,
and thus carries out, Who
intends, and thus decrees,
Who knows, and thus takes
into account.

He causes death and gives
life. He impoverishes and
enriches.3 He makes (men)
laugh and makes (them)
weep.4 [He brings near and
drives away.]♦ He denies and
grants.

For Him is sovereignty, so is
praise. In His hand is all
goodness, and He is powerful
to do everything.5

He lets night enter the day,
and day enter night;1 there is
no god but He, the mighty,
the oft-forgiving.

He is the responder to
supplication, open-handed in
granting, the enumerator of
breaths, and the Lord of the
Jinn and the humans.

Neither does anything bring
difficulty for Him, nor does
the cry of those who appeal
for help annoy Him, nor does
the insistence of those who
insist exhaust Him or force
Him to assent.

He (is Who) protected the
righteous, and gave success
to the prosperous.

He is the guardian of the
faithful, and the Lord of the
worlds,

Who deserves that all His
creations thank Him and
praise Him in any situation.

I (therefore) praise Him and
thank Him in joy and
sorrow, and in hardship and
comfort.

I believe in Him, His angels,
His books, and His messengers.

I listen to His command,
obey Him, proceed towards
whatever pleases Him, and
submit to what He decreed,
longing for His obedience
and fearing His punishment,1

for He is Allah against
Whose schemes no one
should feel secure, nor
should anyone be in fear of
injustice from Him.


Source: http://www.dartabligh.org/books/ebooks/Ghadir%20Sermon.pdf

8 comments:

As per annotation said...

“Praise belongs to Allah Who is exalted above (all the creation) in His Oneness,1 ……”

1 While He is matchless and thus cannot be compared with His
creation by the term “being above”, He is exalted.

************

“ ….. and is near (to His creation) in His aloneness.2 …..”

2 While nothing is beside Him, He is close to everyone.

************

“ …… and great are the pillars3 of His (names) …..”

3 According to the traditions, Allah has created twelve pillars out of His three major names. These pillars are, in turn, the foundations of 120 names of Allah. cf. al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 112, Hadith 1.

************

As per annotation said...

“ .. .. His knowledge encompasses everything while He is lofty in status.1 .. .. ..”

1 This means that Allah does not need to move into the places of the objects to encompass them in knowledge. It can be proven by reason that Allah has no place, for He is the creator of place. He does not need His creation, and He was eternally existent before any of His creation. Imam al-Ridha (PBUH) said, “… Certainly, Allah formed the quality, and thus He is without quality. He positioned the place, and thus He is without place.” (al-Tawhid, p. 125, Hadith 3; Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 4, p. 143, Hadith 13). Therefore, the word “Makan”, in the sermon, refers to “Makanah” or “Manzilah”, which means lofty position in terms of importance and magnificence, and not physical place. Implying the same meaning, one may possibly return the pronoun in the second sentence to “everything” instead of Allah. Then, the phrase is translated as: “His knowledge encompasses everything while everything is in its own place.”


“ ….. He begins and repeats (the creation),2 …..”

2 cf. the Holy Quran, Chapter 30, Verse 11. -- Allâh (Alone) originates the creation, then He will repeat it, then to Him you will be returned.

As per annotation said...

“…He made His mercy encompass everything,2 …”

2 cf. Chapter 40, Verse 7 of the Holy Quran. --- Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) (saying): "Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire!

As per annotation said...

“… Nothing is like Him 1, and He is the establisher of “the thing” when it was nothing….”

1 cf. Chapter 42, Verse 11 of the Holy Quran. --- The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
-------

“…there is no god but He, the mighty, the wise.1 …”

1 cf. Chapter 3, Verse 18 of the Holy Quran. --- It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur'ân) to you (Muhammad SAW) with truth, confirming what came before it. And he sent down the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)
-------

“…He is exalted beyond being grasped by visions, while He grasps all visions, and He is subtle, well aware (of all things).2

2 cf. Chapter 6, Verse 103 of the Holy Quran. --- No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision. He is Al-Latif (the Most Subtle and Courteous), Well-Acquainted with all things.

The word "visions" mentioned in this verse is not limited to seeing by eyes. It covers all types of vision and perception as it is used in a plural form in the verse. Under the commentary of this verse, Imam al-Ridha (PBUH) said: “Verily, thinking or imagination of the mind is greater than the vision of the eyes. Thus, (the verse means) minds can not reach Him, and He reaches to all minds.” (al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 98, Hadith #10; Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 4, p. 39, Hadith #16).

As per annotation said...

“ … None can reach His description by seeing Him, nor can anyone find out how He is, secretly or openly, and (He is not known) except by what Allah, the mighty and the majestic, has made as the signs of Himself.3 …”


3 The recognition of Allah for us is only through His signs, not by grasping His Essence. Imam al-Ridha (PBUH) said, “Anything that is known by itself (i.e., by the comprehension of its essence) is a created thing.” Imam al-Ridha (PBUH) also said, “Allah is recognized by the signs and is proven by the indications.”

Furthermore, Imam al- Baqir (PBUH) said, “Allah is not recognized by analogy (between the creations), nor is He perceived by senses, nor does He resemble people. He is introduced by signs and is recognized by marks.” See: al-Tawhid, p. 35, Hadith 2, p. 47, Hadith 9, and p. 108, Hadith 5, respectively.

As per annotation said...

“… Whose light overwhelms perpetuity1, …”

1 It refers to what Allah sustains in the Hereafter forever. This cannot be compared to His Eternity, as He has no similarity whatsoever with His creation, including His light, which is the light of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) and His family (Ahl al-Bait (PBUT)).
-----

“… He is the just Who never oppresses, and the most generous to Whom all affairs are referred.2 …”

2 cf. Chapter 57, Verse 5 of the Holy Quran. --- His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And to Allâh return all the matters (for decision).
------

“…He makes night overtake day, and day overtake night, (each one) seeking the other rapidly1 …”

1 cf. verses 39:5 ---- He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.

and 7:54 of the Holy Quran. --- Indeed your Lord is Allâh, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He rose over (Istawâ) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!

As per annotation said...

“…He is Unique and impenetrable. 1 He never begets nor is He begotten, and none can ever be a match for Him.2 …”

1 Allah is impenetrable (al-Samad) meaning that there is no way to comprehend His Essence. On the meaning of al-Samad, Imam al-Sadiq (PBUH) said, “It means the One that there is no entry in Him.”
(Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 82, p. 53).

2 cf. Chapter 112: 1 - 4 of the Holy Quran. ----- (1) Say (O Muhammad (SAW)): "He is Allâh, (the) One. (2) "Allâh-us-Samad [Allâh the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)]. (3) "He begets not, nor was He begotten; (4) "And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him."
-----

“ …. He causes death and gives life. He impoverishes and enriches.3 He makes (men) laugh and makes (them) weep.4 [He brings near and drives away.]♦ He denies and grants….”

3 cf. Chapter 39, Verse 52 of the Holy Quran. ----- Do they not know that Allâh enlarges the provision for whom He wills, and straitens it (for whom He wills). Verily, in this are signs for the folk who believe!

4 cf. Chapter 53, Verses 43-44 of the Holy Quran. ----- (43) And that it is He (Allâh) Who makes (whom He wills) laugh, and makes (whom He wills) weep. (44) And that it is He (Allâh) Who causes death and gives life.
------

“….For Him is sovereignty, so is praise. In His hand is all goodness, and He is powerful to do everything5….”

5 cf. Chapter 64, Verse 1, ---- Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allâh. His is the dominion, and to Him belong all the praises and thanks, and He is Able to do all things.

and Chapter 3, Verse 26 of the Holy Quran. ----- Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O Allâh! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.

As per annotation said...

“….He lets night enter the day, and day enter night;1 ….”

1 cf. Chapter 57, Verse 6 of the Holy Quran. ----- He merges night into day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night is added into the hours of the day), and merges day into night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day is added into the hours of the night), and He has full knowledge of whatsoever is in the breasts.
------

“…. I listen to His command, obey Him, proceed towards whatever pleases Him, and submit to what He decreed, longing for His obedience and fearing His punishment,1 ….”

1 This phrase, among many other pieces of evidence from the Quran and the traditions, proves that, despite some unfounded claims, even the best human beings were obeying Allah while fearful of His punishment, though their major goal in worship was to thank Allah for His blessings.

See also following Verses of the Holy Quran concerning the fear of Allah’s best servants from His punishment.

76:7 --- They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.

76:10 --- "Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible (from extreme dislike to it)."

6:15 --- Say: "I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day."

7:205 --- And remember your Lord within yourself, humbly and with fear without loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons and be not of those who are neglectful.

10:15 --- And when Our Clear Verses are recited unto them, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, say: Bring us a Qur'ân other than this, or change it. "Say (O Muhammad SAW): "It is not for me to change it on my own accord; I only follow that which is revealed unto me. Verily, I fear the torment of the Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). if I were to disobey my Lord."

13:21--- And those who join that which Allâh has commanded to be joined (i.e. they are good to their relatives and do not sever the bond of kinship), and fear their Lord, and dread the terrible reckoning (i.e. abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allâh has forbidden and perform all kinds of good deeds which Allâh has ordained).

14:14 --- "And indeed, We shall make you dwell in the land after them. This is for him who fears standing before Me (on the Day of Resurrection or fears My Punishment) and also fears My threat."

24:37 --- Men whom neither trade nor sale (business) diverts them from the Remembrance of Allâh (with heart and tongue), nor from performing As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), nor from giving the Zakât. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned (out of the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection).

and 32:16 --- Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (in charity in Allâh's Cause) out of what We have bestowed on them